Pan American Airways: A Collector’s Guide to Pan Am Flag Pins
By Tiemen Spits
The flag pins were a private issue and were allowed by the Airline’s corporate office to adorn the Pan Am uniform. No clear policy existed about the usage of the pins; the popularity of it was purely driven by the flight personnel. Research shows that the use was multi-purpose.
- As a destination pin: the flight attendant wore the flag of the country or state that was the final destination of the flight. For ease of use, we have divided the pins in three groups:
- Country contains the pins from the different foreign countries,
- USA State/Territory/Commonwealth contains the USA state and Commonwealth pins,
- Special/other, for example Berlin and the Pan Am globe pins are found in this group.
- As an indication of the country/state of origin of the flight attendants: this was not the original intention of the pins, but developed over time and was widely embraced in support of national pride of the individuals.
- As an indication of the linguistic skills of the person wearing it: this is not to be confused with the language pin/badge.
The pins are a simple but elegant form: two flags crossed at the pole with the Pan Am stylized globe underneath. The flag on the left is always the flag of the USA, while the flag on the right varies with the country of origin. The example below is the flag pin of El Salvador.
From ex-Pan Am employees we learned that the pins started to show up in the mid to late 1980s. However, the existence of the Cuba pin indicates that the earliest use must be before 1963 when the Cuba travel restrictions were put in place. These were not lifted until the year after Pan Am’s bankruptcy in 1991.
There are a few pins that do not adhere to the general format described above. These include the Joint Venture pins, the EU pin, and the Pan Am logo pin.
Joint Venture (JV) Pins
The Joint Venture (JV) pins were issued to show the commitment of Pan Am to partnerships with Russia and Hungary with respectively Aeroflot and Malev airlines. The Russia/Aeroflot partnership was signed in 1988 and operated flights between New York Kennedy Airport and Moscow International Airport. The flights used the Pan Am 747’s and the cockpit and cabin crews were Pan Am, while three of the flight attendants were Aeroflot. They would also act as interpreters. The Malev partnership was signed in 1989 and committed to non-stop flights between New York and Budapest. Both joint ventures lasted until Pan Am’s demise in 1991.
The Pan Am logo pin is distinguished from the others by the fact it does not sport the blue ball/globe.
The European Union Pin
The European Union pin depicts the European Union logo which was designed in the mid-1950s when the European Economic Community (EEC) was formed.
The Berlin Pin
The Berlin pin is a special issue to show that Pan Am was one of only three airlines to fly into West Berlin, Germany after Berlin was isolated at the end of World War II. Commercial flights into Berlin were limited during the Cold War. The only three airlines flying into Tegelhoff were British Airways, Air France, and Pan Am.
The Flying Flag Pin
Instead of a static flag, the flag is designed actively flying in the wind. The pin is thicker, the wells are deeper, and the cloisonné has been deposited thicker. In my years of collecting I have only found one pin in this style: Indonesia.
Variant Versions of the Same Country Pin
Finally, there are country pins that exist in multiple variant issues due to a change of the national flag while the pins were in use at Pan Am. These pins are
- Without any device in the horizontal white bar.
- With the Austrian coat of arms in the horizontal white horizontal bar (variant version). Because the new Austrian coat of arms was officially approved/adopted in its current form in 1984, it is possible that this variant version started to appear in the same year.
- With the communist device in the yellow vertical bar. (30 Dec. 1947 – 27 Dec. 1989).
- Without any device in the yellow vertical bar (from 27 Dec. 1989 – end of use).
How to Use This Guide
To find whether a pin was issued for the country/region of interest, use this alphabetical index. For easy identification we have divided the pins into three main groups:
- International destination pins
- USA State/Territory/Commonwealth pins
- Other pins
Within each group, the pins are listed in alphabetical order by their country/state/commonwealth’s name. Each pin’s image is accompanied by the country represented by the flag and a one-line note elaborating on the image when needed. The author is still looking for Honduras and Portugal and any other pin not shown in this collector’s guide.
International flag pins
USA flag pins
In the USA these pins present the state of origin or destination. According to some sources, pins existed for all 50 states; however, I have found no evidence of this. Below are the currently known state pins.
Miscellaneous Flag Pins
There are two pins in this group that deviate from the “standard” issue, namely the Pan Am logo and the Indonesia pins. The Pan Am logo pin does not have the globe in the center below the flags and the Indonesia pin is made thicker than the “normal” pin and the cloisonné wells are deeper. Also, the flag is not draped but waving.
Each pin is approximately 1” wide by 1 ¼” high, except for the Aeroflot pin, which is approximately 1 ½ “high.
As of March 2018 – a total of 77 pins have been identified. If you have additional information about the pin usage, personal experience with them, or want to trade, please contact me at email@example.com or leave a comment below. Happy collecting!
This article and all images originally appeared on www.halpostcards.com (copyright 2017-2021) and are used here with the author’s permission.
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